Antony Cyril Sutton was born in London, England on February 14, 1925. After studies in the Capital he earned a Doctor of Science degree at the University of Southampton and traveled to Germany to study at the University of Göttingen. In 1957 he moved to the United States where he later became a professor of economics at California State University. In 1968 Sutton began working as a research fellow at Stanford University’s Hoover Institute. While researching the National Archives, he found documents about how the US and UK had aided and financed the communist revolution in Russia and the Nazi takeover in Germany. (1) Most of the documents was from the State Department, who did all Intelligence work before 1946.
According to Sutton, American International Corporation, (A.I.C), with one of Federal Reserve Banks founders, Frank Vanderlip, as president, played an important roll in the Bolshevik takeover of Russia. The official purpose of A.I.C was to develop domestic and foreign enterprises, extend American activities abroad and promote interests of American and foreign bankers, business and engineering. A less known purpose was to aid the communists. (2) W. Lawrence Saunders, one of the directors of A.I.C, even wrote a letter to President Wilson, saying that he was ”in sympathy with the Soviet form of government.” (3)
William Franklin Sands, executive secretary of A.I.C, contributed $1 million to the Bolsheviks. (4) William Boyce Thompson, the first full-term director of FED and a large stockholder in Rockefeller-controlled Chase Bank, as well as a financial associate of J.P Morgan, did the same (5) In a nine point memorandum to England’s Prime Minister David Lloyd George, Thompson, also urged to support the Bolshevik revolutionaries and it´s armies. (6) One of the leading Wall Street Firms, Simpson, Thacher and Bartlett also supported the Bolsheviks. (7) The purpose of all this, according to Sutton, was to eliminate capitalist competition from Russia and to play out the Hegelian Dialectic tactic. (8) More on this later.
There can be little doubt that Lenin and the Bolsheviks had access to vast sums of money at an early stage. When Angelica Balbanoff, leader of the International Socialist Commission in Stockholm 1917, wrote to Lenin and complained about the irregularity of the organization’s news service, Lenin replied: ”Dear comrade, the work you are doing is of the utmost importance and I implore you to go on with it. We look to you for our most effective support. Do not consider the cost. ”Spend millions, tens of millions, if necessary, there is plenty of money at our disposal. I understand from your letter that some of the couriers do not deliver our papers in time. Please send me their names. These saboteurs should be shot. ”(9)
From this letter, we learn, not only that Lenin was ruthless, but also that the people who financed him must have been wealthy. He is, after all, talking about tens of millions. In ”Wall Street & the Bolshevik Revolution” Sutton described how Trotsky, in spite of a very low income, lived in a luxurious apartment and had access to a Limousine during his time in the US 1917. (10) In his autobiography Trotsky admitted that his family were driven in an impressive car with a personal driver and that their apartment even had a tearoom. (11) On March 26, 1917, soon after President Wilson issued him a passport, Trotsky, carrying ten thousand dollar, left New York aboard the S.S. Christiania with 300 revolutionaries (12)
It was alleged that the money came from German donors, (who also sponsored the Bolsheviks) but some suggest that the American banker Jacob Schiff, a close associate of J.P. Morgan, provided the capital. (13) According to other sources however, Charles R. Crane, a wealthy businessman with investments in Russia who had sponsored Wilson’s presidential candidacy, may have been the financier. Crane, made several trips to Russia during his life, the last one as late as 1930. According to former US-ambassador William Dodd, Crane ”did much to bring on the Kerensky revolution which gave way to Communism.” (14) It should be noted, that it was only after the Bolsheviks revolution that Crane returned to the US. (15)
Between 1968-1973 Sutton wrote “Western Technology and Soviet Economic Development,” a series of books where he presented more evidence of how west supported and funded the communists. Sutton found documents, telegrams, receipts and accounts of how millions of dollars was funneled to the Bolsheviks for the overthrow of the Tsar. Even more surprising; Sutton also discovered that the US provided the Soviet Union with financial, material and technical assistance to build up industries and weapons development throughout the 1900s.
In 1972 he gave testimony before the Republican Party National Security Subcommittee at the Miami Beach Convention about his sensational findings: “In a few words,” Sutton said, “there is no such thing as Soviet technology. Almost all, perhaps 90-95 percent, came directly or indirectly from the United States and its allies. In effect the United States and the NATO countries have built the Soviet Union. It´s industrial and its military capabilities. This massive construction job has taken 50 years. Since the Revolution in 1917. It has been carried out through trade and sale of plants, equipment and technical assistance.” (16)
In “National Suicide: Military Aid to the Soviet Union,” Sutton wrote about how Russian technology and manufacturing base that was used to assist Viet Cong against US in Vietnam, was built by an american company and financed by US taxpayers. Historian and Russian expert, Richard Pipes, one of few academics who have had the courage to give Sutton recognition, wrote in “Survival Is Not Enough: Soviet Realities and America’s Future”:
”In his three-volume detailed account of Soviet Purchases of Western Equipment and Technology … Sutton comes to conclusions that are uncomfortable for many businessmen and economists. For this reason his work tends to be either dismissed out of hand as ’extreme’ or, more often, simply ignored.” (17)
More surprising is perhaps the fact that Zbigniew Brzezinski, well-known adviser to several US presidents, and a power-player of great stature, admitted Sutton was right: ”For impressive evidence of Western involvement in the early phase of Soviet economic growth”, Brzezinski wrote in his book ”Between Two Ages: America’s role in The Technetronic Era,” ”see Antony C. Sutton’s Western Technology and Soviet economic development” which claims that Soviet economic development between 1917-1930 was essentially dependent on Western technical help and that at least 95 percent of the industrial structure received this help.” (18)
Sutton also received indirect support from another authority. On June 30, 1975, famous author and Nobel Prize winner Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn held a speech in Washington in which he told of the existence of an incredible alliance ”between our Communist leaders and your capitalists.” (19) Solzhenitsyn said that the big capitalists in the United States had assisted Lenin in the early years of the revolution and given continuous support. (20) “This alliance is not new“, Solzhenitsyn explained. “The very famous Armand Hammer, who is flourishing here today, laid the basis for this when he made the first exploratory trip into Russia, still in Lenin’s time, in the very first years of the Revolution. He was extremely successful in this intelligence mission and since that time for all these 50 years, we observe continuous and steady support by the businessmen of the West of the Soviet Communist leaders.” (21)
After the publication of ”National Suicide: Military Aid to the Soviet Union” in 1973, Sutton was informed by the president of the Hoover Institute that such information was not allowed for the public. He was fired from the Institute and declared ”persona-non-grata.” Attempts were made to classify Sutton as a right-wing extremist, but since he had no such affiliation the mainstream media and the academic world simply choose to ignore him. ”In fact, most who speak have not even read my book,” Sutton said in an an interview with author and publisher Kris Millegan. “Otherwise they would know that I see on the left-right scale as a Hegelian trap. But on the other hand, these people probably never heard of Hegel. When Lenin spoke of ”useful idiots”, he must have had these people in mind.” (22)
In “Wall Street & the Rise of Hitler,” (1976), Sutton could show how bankers and companies in the west also invested money in Nazi Germany and that some of them continued to do business with the Nazis even after world war two had started. “Hitler’s economic policies were OK’d by the bankers’ right through the war,” Sutton said. “ITT, Chase, Texaco and others were operating in Nazi-held France as late as 1945. In fact, Chase in Paris was trying to get Nazi accounts as late as 1944.” (23) The dirty dealings with the Nazis was also proven by Professor Charles Higham in “Trading with the Enemy.” (1983) For example: In the midst of the war, Colonel Behn of the big telephone conglomerate ITT, flew from New York to Madrid and then then to Bern in order to improve the Nazis communication systems. (24)
Between 1933-39 General Motors invested 30 million $ in IG Farben, who helped support the Nazis. American Standard Oil, in turn, shipped allied fuel to the enemy. At the same time, Ford trucks was manufactured for the German troops in France. Sutton published copies of lists of names of companies and individuals who supported and did business with the Nazis. Professor Guido Giacomo Preparata, author of “Conjuring Hitler: How Britain and America Made the Third Reich,” (26) writes: “It is notorious and beyond dispute that the Anglo-American elite, along with the Soviets, financed and supplied the Nazis before and even during the war. This fact is obviously so disturbing and confusing for all those who have been raised with the complex of Anglo-American moral superiority that the Establishment has been at greatest pains to rationalize it … Their instinctive repartee is that anyone doubting the vulgate is self-evidently an unreasoning ‘fascist-revisionist-conspiracist.” (27)
In the introduction to ”America’s Secret Establishment”, Sutton´s most important work, according to himself, Sutton explains ”Why the West built the Soviet Union and Hitler’s Germany, Why there are wars, why Wall Street loves Marxists and Nazis, why historical facts are suppressed and why politicians lie.” He then reveals how members of the organization “The Order,” originally named “The Russell Trust,” but mostly known as “Skull & Bones,” systematically has had their members placed in high positions of business, military and politics in order to steer development in a certain direction desired by the Power Elite.
Together with their British counterpart, the Round-table Group, they created the Council on Foreign Relations, (the American branch of the Royal Institute of International Affairs,) where they methodically lay out their plans on how the world should be governed. Working according to a dialectical plan with two ”opponents” (thesis-antithesis) * the purpose is to carry out a new world order (synthesis). The tactic was, and is, to scare the hell out of people with an outside threat. Thus making it possible to lead the public in a desired direction.
* For example communism vs capitalism
As early as 1954, Norman Dodd at the US Reece Committee, said that the Carnegie Foundation, formed in 1904, was an organization working for war, not against it. When Dodd explained this to his boss he was told that this information had to be suppressed. Years later however, Dodd testified about his findings. (28) As for the education system, Sutton was very critical of John Dewey, the American philosopher and educational reformer, “Outrageous Hegelianism, the state is supreme, the individual merely a pawn to be trained,” Sutton said. “This is the basis of our ’educational system,” “…This trained ”sausage mind” outlook has thoroughly permeated our universities ….we are all supposed to think alike and find the same answers. This political correctness garbage is another step to total thought control. “ (29)
Kris Millegan, whose father had a top position in the CIA but resigned when he got disillusioned and tired of the system, revealed that his father told him about secret societies, drug trafficking and that the struggle between communism and capitalism was a deliberately orchestrated scam. (30) Many years later, Kris became Sutton’s last publisher.
Most of the men and women today who is trained in political science has probably never heard of the information presented here. Instead, one can be most assured that they will clamp down on anyone who presents such data and defend the Power Elites version of reality. Fortunately, there were, and still are, some honest and well-read scholars and champions of truth who has broken out of the cognitive dissonance. Antony Sutton was truly one of them.
(1) Antony Sutton, “Wall Street and the Bolshevik Revolution,” Crown Publishing Group, 1974. Se also: Congressional Record: Proceedings and Debates of the 92d Congress, Volume 118, Part 20, United States. Congress, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1972, (p. 26143) And: Professor Antony Sutton with Dr. Stan Monteith, Radio Liberty, July 29th, 1999.
(2) John S. Craig, “Peculiar Liaisons: In War, Espionage, and Terrorism in the Twentieth Century,” Algora Publishing, 2005, (sid. 62-63) Se also: Jim Marrs,” The Rise of the Fourth Reich,” HarperCollins, 2009, (pp 8-9)
(3) The Power Elite´s Uses of Wars and Crisis, By Dennis L. Cuddy, Ph.D.
January 28, 2008, NewsWithViews.com
(4) Antony Sutton, “Wall Street and the Bolshevik Revolution”, Crown Publishing Group, 1974, (pp.134-35)
(5) Antony Sutton, “Wall Street and the Bolshevik Revolution,” Crown Publishing Group, 1974, (p.170) Se also: James Perloff, “The Shadows of Power: The Council on Foreign Relations and the American Decline,” Western Islands, 1988, (p .40)
(6) Neil V. Salzman, ”Reform and Revolution: The Life and Times of Raymond Robins,” Kent State University Press, 1991, (p. 214)
(7) Antony Sutton, “Wall Street and the Bolshevik Revolution”, Crown Publishing Group, 1974, (pp. 75-76, 95, 122, 133)
(8) Antony Sutton on ”Left” versus ”Right” and the Hegelian dialectic in American politics, Anthony Sutton, Prisonplanet, July 9 2003. Se also: Professor Antony Sutton with Dr. Stan Monteith, Radio Liberty, July 29th, 1999.
(9) Angelica Balbanoff, ”My life as a rebel,” Indiana University Press, 1973, (p. 175)
(10) Antony Sutton,”Wall Street & The Bolshevik Revolution,” Crown Publishing Group, 1974, (p 22) Se även: G. Edward Griffin, “The Creature From Jekyll Island,” (p. 264)
(11) Leon Trotsky, ”My Life,” Schribner´s, 1930, (p. 277)
(12) Antony Sutton,”Wall Street & The Bolshevik Revolution,” Crown Publishing Group, 1974, (p. 25)
(13) International Currency Review, Volume 29,Edition 1–4, Currency Journals Limited., 2003, (pp. 102-3)
(14) William Edward Dodd, “Ambassador Dodd´s Diary, 1933-1938” Harcourt, Brace, 1941 (pp. 42-43)
(15) Antony Sutton,”Wall Street & The Bolshevik Revolution,” Crown Publishing Group, 1974, (p. 26)
(16) Antony Sutton, “The Best Enemy Money Can Buy,” Liberty House Press, 1986, Appendix B. Se also: Richard Pipes, “Survival Is Not Enough: Soviet Realities and America’s Future,” Simon and Schuster, 1984, (p. 259)
(17) Richard Pipes, “Survival Is Not Enough: Soviet Realities and America’s Future,” Simon and Schuster, 1984, (p. 290)
(18) Between Two Ages:: America´s roll in The Technetronic Era (New York: Viking Press, 1970, (p. 56)
(19) The COMMUNIST-CAPITALIST ALLIANCE, By Dr. Harold Pease, Ph.D. See also: The Communist / Capitalist Alliance – Part 1 By Dr. Stan Monteith, April 2007
(20) The COMMUNIST-CAPITALIST ALLIANCE By Dr. Harold Pease, Ph.D. See also: The Communist / Capitalist Alliance – Part 1 By Dr. Stan Monteith, April 2007
(22) An interview with Antony C. Sutton, Researcher Emeritus, By Kris Millegan, 1999, Little Red Hen.
(23) An interview with Antony C. Sutton, Researcher Emeritus, By Kris Millegan, 1999, Little Red Hen.
(24) An interview with Antony C. Sutton, Researcher Emeritus, By Kris Millegan, 1999, Little Red Hen.
(25) Antony C. Sutton, “Wall Street and the Rise of Hitler,” Clairview Books. 2010, (p. 101)
(26) Guido Giacomo Preparata, “Conjuring Hitler: How Britain and America Made the Third Reich,” Pluto Press, 2005.
(27) Business as usual behind the slaughter, By Lars Schall. Asia Times Online, June 30, 2012.
(28) Norman Dodd On Tax Exempt Foundations. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YUYCBfmIcHM
(29) An interview with Antony C. Sutton, Researcher Emeritus, By Kris Millegan, 1999, Little Red Hen.
(30) Kris Millegan, ”Fleshing Out Skull & Bones: Investigations into America’s Most Powerful Secret Society,” Trine Day, 2004, (p. 145)